Iraq PM Makes First Official Visit to Iran

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TEHRAN, Iran (AP) – Iraq’s prime minister made his first official visit to Iran on Tuesday, asking Tehran to prevent Al Qaeda terrorists from slipping across the border to carry out attacks, an Iraqi official said. Iran’s president promised to help Iraq establish security.

The visit by Prime Minister al-Maliki reflected the complex relationship between mostly Shiite Iran and Iraq’s government, dominated by Shiite allies of Tehran. Ties have grown stronger between the two, including new oil cooperation.

But at the same time, America _ the Iraqi government’s other top ally _ has repeatedly accused Iran of interfering in Iraqi politics and allowing insurgents to cross the porous 1,000-mile border, claims Iran denies.

Haidar al-Obadi, a parliament member from al-Maliki’s Dawa Party, said “there are al-Qaida members and al-Qaida strongholds in Iran.”

He said the militants have been “taking advantage of the long border” to smuggle weapons and people into Iraq “most likely without the Iranian government’s knowledge.”

“We ask Iran for cooperation in controlling the border to prevent any al-Qaida exploitation of the border,” he told The Associated Press in Cairo, speaking in a telephone interview from Baghdad.

Tehran says it has no interest in fomenting instability across the border. Iran says that some Al Qaeda operatives may have illegally passed through Iran from Afghanistan months before the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, but it says it has arrested an unknown number of them.

Al Qaeda’s branch in Iraq has carried out some of the most brutal suicide attacks against Iraqi Shiites.

Mr. al-Maliki, who lived in Iran during part of a long exile from Iraq during the rule of ousted leader Saddam Hussein, received a red-carpet reception at the presidential palace before talks with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Asked at a joint press conference following their talks about allegations that Iran was interfering in Iraq, Mr. al-Maliki said, “There is no obstacle in the way of implementing agreements between Iran and Iraq.”

“All our assistance to the Iraqi people will be to establish complete security in this country,” Mr. Ahmadinejad said, according to a state-run news agency report of the press conference. “Iran and Iraq enjoy historical relations. These relations go beyond from neighborly ties. Our relations will remain excellent.

“We consider Iraq’s progress, independence and territorial integrity as our own,” Mr. Ahmadinejad said.

Mr. Ahmadinejad also said Iran hoped the United States will leave Iraq soon.

“This trip will strengthen bilateral relations. Iran and Iraq, as two brotherly neighbors, will stand by each other and unwanted guests (U.S.-led coalition forces) will leave the region,” he said.

Mr. al-Maliki described the talks as “very constructive” and called Iran “a very important country, a good friend and brother.”

Since Saddam Hussein’s fall in 2003, Iraq has sought closer ties with Iran and to heal scars left by the 1980-88 war that killed more than 1 million people on both sides.

Mr. al-Maliki’s Shiite-led government has strong ties with mainly Shiite Iran, and they are growing even closer, with Baghdad sealing deals last month for Tehran to provide it with gasoline, kerosene and cooking fuel amid a shortage in Iraq. Al-Maliki spent years in Iran and Syria in exile.

An Iraqi economic delegation visited Iran just before al-Maliki to discuss further petroleum deals, including the possibility of Iranian investment in Iraq’s fuel sector, said Haidar al-Obadi, another Dawa party parliamentarian.

In July 2005, Prime Minister al-Jaafari made the first visit to Iran by an Iraqi premier since the 2003 American-led invasion that toppled Saddam.

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